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Annapolis Maryland Blog Photograph • C1780 Adam Rape Bakeshop and Tavern on a Rainy Morning • Tuesday August 15th 2017

A Blacksmith Shop as Well by the Late 18th Century

C1780 Adam Rape Bakeshop and Tavern on a Rainy Morning in Annapolis Maryland August 15th 2017

Click on Photograph to Enlarge

I stopped to enjoy my early morning coffee while standing in front of this late 18th century Annapolis Colonial influenced frame house where I found myself thinking about its early history of ownership along with the uses that it served during that period of time.

To begin with its historical referred to name is perhaps the best place to start. This present day residence has been noted as the Retallick-Brewer House over the years although it is has been documented that a Mr. Adam Rape was responsible for having the original house built when he had leased the property from Mr. Nicholas Maccubbin Carroll around 1784. The terms of the lease stated that Mr. Rape was to have built a two story house on the lot within a three year time frame however historical surveys indicate that Mr. Rape originally had a one story house and detached shed like structure constructed on the lot.

As an aside Mr. Rape was a baker by trade and studies of the present day building indicate the presence of a brick oven in the basement representing a type used in bakeries of the period. In addition Mr. Rape is believed to have operated a tavern out of the building as well that also served as his residence. As to Mr. Rape’s bakeshop he would later relocate it to a then recently built brick warehouse along the City waterfront that actually still stands today, the building not the bakeshop.

In 1788 the lease to both the lot and existing buildings was conveyed to a Mr. Simon Retallick a well known City blacksmith by trade who’s iron work was used at both the Old Treasury building as well as the Maryland State House. It is thought that Mr. Retallick relocated his already existing blacksmith practice to the back of this house after having assumed the lease. Mr. Retallick passed away in 1799 although the house and property remained in the extended Retallick Family until 1888.

A final note on the house itself another historical survey indicated that there was a building on this same lot during the 1740s when it was owned by Dr. Charles Carroll, and later his son Charles Carroll the Barrister. As to whether any elements of that 1740s structure were incorporated into the present building well for that I’m not at all qualified to say however it is an interesting historical architectural aspect to consider.

Have a pleasant afternoon,

Glenn

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